Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Chastisement and Punishment
(2,366 words)

To discipline, especially by corporal means, as retribution for a wrong and incidentally for correction and prevention. “Chastisement” and “punishment” correspond to several Arabic terms used in the Qurʾān, e.g. ʿadhāb, nakāl, ʿiqāb, jazāʾ and their cognates, although, in addition to these discrete terms, the Qurʾān does use other expressions to convey the same meaning. The word ʿadhāb and its cognates appear in the Qurʾān ove…

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Fadel, Moḥammad Hossam, “Chastisement and Punishment”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 13 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00030>



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