Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(767 words)

Building in which public Christian religious services occur. Christian churches, shrines, monasteries and other institutions were common in the territories inhabited by Arabic-speaking peoples in the world in which Islam was born. In the early Islamic period both Muslims and Christians regularly used the word kanīsa to mean “church” and sometimes “synagogue.” Although this conventional Arabic word for church does not appear in the Qurʾān, there is one verse that has been interpreted as referring to churches. In q 22:40, churches (biyaʿ) are mentioned along with monasteries ( ṣawāmi…

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Griffith, Sidney H., “Church”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 13 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00078>

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