Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,233 words)

An earthy material, plastic when moist but hard when baked or fired. There are twelve references to clay ( ṭīn); four to “resounding” clay ( ṣalṣāl); three to petrified clay ( sijjīl); and one to baked clay or earthenware ( fakhkhār ). Whereas ṣalṣāl is pure Arabic, ṭīn and fakhkhār are probably Syriac loan words and sijjīl is almost certainly Persian (see foreign vocabulary ).


Arabic lexicographers derive ṭīn from the verb ṭāna, “to plaster with clay” (said…

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Robinson, Neal, “Clay”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00035>

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