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Companions of the Prophet
(2,975 words)

The body of people who had known or seen the Prophet Muḥammad during his lifetime. The plural “Companions of the Prophet” ( aṣḥāb al-nabī), otherwise known simply as “the Companions” (ṣaḥāba), is derived from the root ṣ-ḥ-b and has referred, at least since the classical period, to this group. (On the question of whether a merely ocular encounter with the Prophet could be considered a sufficient criterion to render someone a Companion, cf. Goldziher, ms, ii, 240.) For Sunnī M…

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Kern, Linda L., “Companions of the Prophet”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 29 March 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00038>

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