Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access

(2,799 words)

Gain or acquisition by force of arms. In the Islamic context it is associated with the ‘opening’ of a land to the message and rule of Islam. The Qurʾān, revealed as it was before the Islamic conquests had begun, does not possess a clear concept of conquest, but the Arabic root f-t-ḥ produced during the first Islamic century the technical term for the Muslims' conquests over the Byzantine and Sasanian empires ( fatḥ/futūḥ) and is frequently translated as such in the Qurʾān.

The Qurʾān has much to say about warfare (see war ). It is enjoined upon those able to do so ( q 48:17 exempts the blind, cr…

Cite this page
Robinson, Chase F., “Conquest”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 30 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00089>

▲   Back to top   ▲