Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(941 words)

The celestial court of God as both divine ruler and judge. No qurʾānic wording directly corresponds to the concept of a celestial court but the idea is best approximated by the phrase al- malaʾ al-aʿlā which occurs only twice in the Qurʾān ( q 37:8; 38:69). q 37:6-8 reads: “We have adorned the lowest heaven(al- samāʾ al-dunyā) with adornment, the planets, a security from every daring devil. They cannot listen to al-malaʾ al-aʿlā; they are pelted from every side.” The Qurʾān contains many other scattered references to the celestial court of God, most containing only …

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Blankinship, Khalid Yahya, “Court”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00097>

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