Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,059 words)

An agreement between persons or parties; theologically, the promises of God offered to representatives of humanity as revealed in the scriptures. The Qurʾān employs two principal terms for the idea of covenant, mīthāq and ʿahd, using each in the singular. ʿAqd, the term that is used in Islamic law for the legal act of a contract, a will or other forms of bi- or unilateral declarations, has only a slim qurʾānic basis: Twice the cognate nominal form is used for the marriage contract, i.e. the “knot of marriage” ( ʿuqdat al-nikāḥ, q 2:235, 237; see marriage and divorce ); once the plural, ʿuqūd, is…

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Böwering, Gerhard, “Covenant”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 27 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00098>

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