Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Criterion
(701 words)

A standard of judging. Among the many names used by Muslims for the Qurʾān, one of the most popular is al- furqān, usually translated “the Criterion.” The word ap- pears in the text seven times ( q 2:53, 185; 3:4; 8:29, 41; 21:48; 25:1) and is also one of the names given to q 25. It has long been conjectured by Western scholars that the origin of furqān is the Aramaic/Syriac purqāna (salvation, deliverance, redemption; see foreign vocabulary ). Although a foreign origin has not been posited by the Muslim tradition, it has nonetheless been recognized that a simple derivat…

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Madigan, Daniel, “Criterion”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 04 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00100>



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