Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Debate and Disputation
(2,501 words)

An oppositional mode of discourse and a formal process of argumentation. References to the activities of disputation and debate are associated with several qurʾānic verbs in their various forms. Terminology pertinent to the process of argumentation occurs throughout the Qurʾān and the importance of such forensic activities as proving, explaining and making manifest is repeatedly stressed. Demonstrable proof (q.v.) and convincing argumentation are represented as indispensable elements of conveying the divine message and actual or anticipated opponents …

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McAuliffe, Jane Dammen, “Debate and Disputation”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 25 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00107>

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