Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,741 words)

The land and land areas as distinguished from sea or air. In the Qurʾān, “earth” refers both to the terrestrial part of the universe, including the materials or elements of which it is composed, and, as will be seen below, the human body (see anatomy ). In both cases, the Arabic arḍ is used (over 450 occurrences), although other words with such a signification may appear.

Primarily, arḍ denotes the earth in distinction from the heavenly sky (see heaven and sky ). This is the case in the many verses in which the paired couplet, “heaven and earth” (al-samāʾ wa-l-arḍ) or “heavens and earth” (al-samāw…

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Toelle, Heidi, “Earth”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 11 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00127>

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