Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(669 words)

Departure from truth or accuracy. The qurʾānic terms for error derive from the Arabic verb for “to err, go astray (q.v.), deviate from the right course” ( ḍalla) and are attested at least sixty times in the Qurʾān. In qurʾānic usage the semantic field of ḍalla ranges from accidental mistakes to conscious transgressions in the realms of rightful belief and conduct (see belief and unbelief; sin, major and minor). It is not clear, however, whether the concepts of deviance and mistake conveyed by this term are always regarded as something culpable or whether they co…

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Khan, Ruqayya, “Error”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 21 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00135>

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