Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(885 words)

The state of being in infinite time (q.v.) as contrasted with the ever-changing quality of earthly existence (see cosmology ). In the Qurʾān, God is the only eternal being in both the past and the future, while created beings will dwell in states of bliss or damnation for eternity ( khulūd, abad) only in the afterlife (see eschatology ). In addition, the Qurʾān denounces a pre-Islamic Arab belief according to which existence and death are attributable to nothing more than time ( dahr, see fate; history and the qurʾān).

God's eternal existence is denoted in the affirmation that he wa…

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Bashir, Shahzad, “Eternity”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 29 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00136>

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