Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Expeditions and Battles
(6,395 words)

Journeys undertaken for military purposes, including raids for the purpose of plunder and assassination, and single engagements of armed and/or mounted forces, each of which is intent upon decisive victory. The term “battle” may also be used in a figurative sense, and refers to a struggle with one's spiritual and psychological self, i.e. a battle against ego, greed, addiction, etc. Both sens…

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Faizer, Rizwi, “Expeditions and Battles”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 30 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00060>

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