Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Ezra
(1,091 words)

Ezra (ʿUzayr) is identified in the Jewish sources as a high priest and scribe who helped to rebuild the Temple after returning from Babylonian exile with a number of Jewish families. He is seen as a highly pious and learned person who directed the religious life of the Jewish community, first in Babylon and then, later on, in Jerusalem (q.v.). Modern scholarly opinion considers Ezra a lettered man with spiritual tendencies who was a functionary of the Persian state which sent him to Palestine around the fourth century b.c.e. in order to promote the political authority of Persian rule.

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Abu-Rabiʿ, Ibrahim M., “Ezra”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 18 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00143>



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