Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Fate
(2,064 words)

The principle, or determining cause or will, through which things occur as they should. Although the pre-Islamic concept (see pre-islamic arabia and the qurʾān; south arabia, religion in pre-islamic; age of ignorance) of an impersonal fate (dahr, see time ) is attested in the Qurʾān ( q 45:24; 76:1; cf. “accident of time” [ rayb al-manūn], q 52:30), the qurʾānic message is that God, and not an impersonal agent, governs the world (cf. Böwering, Ideas, esp. 175-7). But are some, or even all events in history predetermined by God from eternity (q.v.)? This thorny question, which has gen…

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Karamustafa, Ahmet T., “Fate”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 09 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00152>



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