Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(977 words)

Only child of Muḥammad and his first wife, Khadīja (q.v.), to survive their deaths. Fāṭima is not mentioned by name in the Qurʾān but the classical exegetical tradition (see exegesis of the qurān: classical and medieval ) has associated certain verses with her and with her hus- band and children. Particularly in Shīʿī Islam, the figure of Fāṭima as the closest blood link (see blood and blood clot; kinship) to the Prophet himself, generated a hagiographical literature as well as practices of devotion and supplication (see shīʿism and the qurʾān ).

Of the qurʾānic verses that commentat…

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McAuliffe, Jane Dammen, “Fāṭima”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 28 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00153>

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