Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,754 words)

Combustion, manifested in light and heat, which was classified in the classical world as one of the four elements. Fire occurs in the Qurʾān both in the other world as well as in this world and it can assume different forms.

As far as the other world is concerned, it is the element that characterizes hell (q.v.) and therefore carries the charge of torment ( ʿadhāb) for the damned. Within this context, the following terms, which in many cases merely denote hell, are used: nār, fire (sometimes specified by jahannam: nār jahannam, as in q 9:35, 68; 35:36; 72:23; 98:6); jaḥīm, a term relating to t…

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Toelle, Heidi, “Fire”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 04 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00156>

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