Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Friends and Friendship [Supplement 2017]
(1,812 words)

Friendship involves mutual attachment grounded in affection, loyalty, or common experience. Unlike other social relationships, friendship arises from voluntary association. In the Qurʾān, the terms walī, khalīl, and (in certain instances) ṣadīq all connote types of “friend.” Of these, the term walī (pl. awliyāʾ) appears most frequently, and is often paired with naṣīr, “helper,” or shafīʿ, “intercessor” (see intercession). The Qurʾān also emphasises the principles of mutual knowledge (Q 49:13) and co-operative assistance (Q 5:2), as well as love and bro…

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Louise Marlow, “Friends and Friendship [Supplement 2017]”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 29 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_050523>
First published online: 2017

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