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Ḥamza b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib
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Paternal uncle of the Prophet (half-brother of the Prophet's father), as well as his foster brother (Muslim, Ṣaḥīḥ, K. al-Riḍāʿ, 14; Ṭabarī, Taʾrīkh, i, 970; id. History, v, 172; see fosterage ). One of the great heroes of the earliest period of Islam.

Ḥamza appears to have had a close relationship with the Prophet; he accompanied him when he went to ask Khadīja's (q.v.) father for her hand and, apparently out of solidarity with his foster brother, gave Abū Jahl a serious beating when the latter had gravely abused the Prophet. On this occasion, Ḥamza announced his adherence t…

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Leemhuis, Frederik, “Ḥamza b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 31 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00184>

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