Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Heresy [Supplement 2017]
(1,953 words)

Heresy is dissent from commonly accepted doctrine with a tendency towards sectarianism. Heresy, of course, only has meaning in light of orthodoxy, the elaboration of which in Islam seems to have begun as a traditionalist reaction to the politico-theological policies of the ʿAbbāsid caliph al-Maʾmūn (r. 198-218/813-33; Lewis, Observations, 43-4; Makdisi, Ibn ʿAqīl, 26-7). Although the Qurʾān is the foundational text of Islam, it is difficult to locate a strict concept of heresy within it. Nevertheless, as Muḥammad is not understood to deliver a new message,…

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Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi, “Heresy [Supplement 2017]”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_050517>
First published online: 2017

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