Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Holy Spirit
(1,144 words)

An agency of divine action or communication. The Arabic phrase rūḥ al-qudus, as it appears in the Qurʾān, is regularly interpreted by translators to mean the ‘holy spirit,’ or the ‘spirit of holiness.’ The phrase occurs four times in the Qurʾān. In three of the four occurrences the text says that God “strengthened” ( ayyadnāhu) Jesus (q.v.), son of Mary (q.v.), by the holy spirit ( q 2:87, 253; 5:110); in the fourth instance the holy spirit is identified as the one who has brought down the truth (q.v.) from God to his prophet ( q 16:102). This apparent personal identity of the holy spirit…

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Griffith, Sidney H., “Holy Spirit”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00193>



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