Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,544 words)

Opposition to the religious use of images. The term “iconoclasm,” which literally means “image breaking,” became a religious and socio-political movement in the eighth and ninth century c.e. The Byzan-tine empire (see byzantines ) under the pretext of its opposition to icons turned officially against many forms of spirituality, including the cults of saints and monasticism, for more than a century (726-843 c.e.; see monasticism and monks ). Inasmuch as opposition to icons had been expressed long before the rise of Islam, any relationship between Byzantine iconoclasm and the…

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Sahas, Daniel J., “Iconoclasm”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 24 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00205>

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