Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(829 words)

Mentioned once in the Qurʾān as designation of a jinn (q.v.), the word ʿifrīt (pl. ʿafārīt) gave rise to numerous interpretations. In the qurʾānic version of the story about Solomon (q.v.) and the Queen of Sheba (see bilqīs ), the former asks for somebody to fetch him the Queen's throne, whereupon an ʿifrīt of the jinn offers to bring it even before Solomon can rise from his place ( q 27:39). The duty is not given to him, however, but to somebody who is endowed with the knowledge of the scripture (see book; scripture and the qurʾān) and still surpasses the ʿifrīt in swiftness ( q 27:40).

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Bauer, Thomas, “ʿIfrīt”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 03 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00209>

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