Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(757 words)

The creation of, or belief in, something that has no precedent or support either in the texts of revelation or in juridical consensus (see revelation and inspiration; law and the qurʾān). Innovation is connoted by two Arabic terms ( bidʿa, muḥdath), and derivatives of both roots, b-d-ʿ and ḥ-d-th, appear in the Qurʾān, but in the majority of cases they are not used in the sense of deviating from a set path or precedent. In q 65:1, for instance, the verb yuḥdith is used — with God as grammatical subject — to mean “create” (probably ex nihilo) or “bring some new thing to pass” (see creation ). Derivat…

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Hallaq, Wael B., “Innovation”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 04 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00222>

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