Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(956 words)

Unsoundness or derangement of mind, especially without recognition of one's illness (see illness and health ), sometimes with the connotation of possession by a demon. Sixteen passages in the Qurʾān defend prophets (see prophets and prophethood; messenger) from the accusation of being majnūn, “possessed by demons (see devil ), insane, mad.” Unbelievers (see belief and unbelief ) of different peoples are shown in the Qurʾān to accuse a prophet of being majnūn, for which reason they consider his message to be a lie (q.v.). The accusation is either reported as direct speech of t…

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Bauer, Thomas, “Insanity”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 03 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00094>

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