Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(4,311 words)

A category of created beings believed to possess powers for evil and good. Although their existence is never doubted, the jinn (Eng. “genie”) are presented in the Qurʾān as figures whose effective role has been considerably curtailed in comparison to that accorded to them by various forms of pre-Islamic religion.

Unlike their rivals, the rabb and the rabba, the “lords” and “ladies,” supernatural protectors and “allies” ( awliyāʾ) of the tribes (see tribes and clans ) that God, in the fullness of his lordship, succeeds in making disappear ( q 53:23, “They are but names which you hav…

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Chabbi, Jacqueline, “Jinn”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 27 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00237>

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