Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(929 words)

One of the prophetic figures preceding Muḥammad common to the Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions (see prophets and prophethood ). Job (Ayyūb) is mentioned in only four pericopes: q 6:83-7 and 4:163 set him in the company of the prophets while q 38:41-2 and q 21:83-4 allude to his distinctive vocation and charisma.

In q 6:83-90, together with Abraham (q.v.), Isaac (q.v.), Jacob (q.v.), Noah (q.v.), David (q.v.), Solomon (q.v.), Joseph (q.v.), Moses (q.v.) and Aaron (q.v.), Zechariah (q.v.), John (see john the baptist ), Jesus (q.v.), Elias (see elijah ), Ishmael (q.v.), Elisha (q.v…

Cite this page
Johns, A.H., “Job”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 21 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00238>

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