Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access

(4,211 words)

The strongest opposition party in early Islam, their name (Ar. khārijī, pl. khawārij) is derived from the Arabic triliteral root kh-r-j, which has as its basic meaning “to go out,” “to take the field against someone” and “to rise in revolt” (Ṭabarī, Taʾrīkh, ii, 32; trans. Morony, 37; see fighting; jihād). In the case in point, it means “to secede from the community.” Although forms of kh-r-j appear numerous times in the Qurʾān with varied meanings, the group in question took its name from the usage in q 9:…

Cite this page
Francesca, Ersilia, “Khārijīs”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 13 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00103>

▲   Back to top   ▲