Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Knowledge and Learning
(2,382 words)

Cognitive understanding and its acquisition. Concepts of knowledge and learning appear frequently in nearly all types of Islamic discourse. They are commonly subsumed under a variety of Arabic words such as ʿilm, maʿrifa, fiqh, ḥikma and shuʿūr, and the verbs and verbal derivatives of each, many of which find representation in the Qurʾān itself, at least in form if not in meaning.

The problem of defining knowledge and explaining its relationship to faith (q.v.) on the one hand, and to action and works on the other (see good deeds; evil deeds; ethics and the qurʾān), became, for example,…

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Walker, Paul E., “Knowledge and Learning”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 27 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00251>

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