Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Sound and/or facial expressions generally indicative of merriment. Laughter does not figure prominently in the Qurʾān: verb forms and participles derived from ḍ-ḥ-k occur just ten times compared to a stunning 179 appearances of its synonymous Hebrew cognates s-ʾ-ḥ-q/ṣ-ḥ-q in the Hebrew Bible. B-s-m for smiling appears just once and never the onomatopoetic q-h-q-h for strong laughter (an Arabic root form which, incidentally, more or less reverses and doubles the western Semitic onomatopoetic *-ḥ-q from which the various triliterals for laughter seem to be derived). La…

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Ammann, Ludwig, “Laughter”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 19 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00257>

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