Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Those who die (generally at the hands of others) for their faith. In a Sunnī Islamic context, martyrs are primarily those who fight unbelievers for the advancement of Islam, and sacrifice their lives for this (see fighting; belief and unbelief; suicide). This represents a marked difference with the situation of the defensive martyrs of earl…

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Raven, Wim, “Martyrs”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 14 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00112>

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