Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Monasticism and Monks
(2,025 words)

From well before the rise of Islam, and then well into the later Middle Ages, monasticism was a distinctive feature of Christian life, both in the milieu in which Islam was born (see christians and christianity; south arabia, religion in pre-islamic), and in the Christian communities subsequently integrated into the world of Islam. Accordingly, from the perspective of its relationship to Islam, one must consider the phenomenon of Christian monasticism under three headings. In the first place, there is its presence in the Arabic-speaki…

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Griffith, Sidney H., “Monasticism and Monks”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 13 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00287>

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