Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,172 words)

The satellite of the earth, which takes a little less than one solar-calendar month to complete its revolution. In the Qurʾān, the general Arabic term for moon ( qamar) occurs twenty-seven times, usually paired with the sun (q.v.; shams). Sūra 54 is entitled “The Moon” (Sūrat al-Qamar), in reference to the moon seeming to split in two at the time the Meccans began to persecute the Muslims (see mecca; opposition to muḥammad). The new or crescent moon ( hilāl) appears only once (in its plural form, ahilla, q 2:189), and neither the term for the full moon ( badr) nor that for the night when no …

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Varisco, Daniel Martin, “Moon”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 05 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00290>

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