Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Mysterious Letters
(3,165 words)

The alphabetic characters of the Arabic language (q.v.) that appear in non-verbal combinations at the beginning of certain sūras (q.v.) of the Qurʾān, just after the basmala (q.v.). The gift of “letters” came to the Arabian peninsula by way of a slow evolution of orthographies (see arabic script; calligraphy; orality and writing in arabia). While the whole story is quite complex, the cursive consonantal alphabet of twenty-eight letters in wh…

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Massey, Keith, “Mysterious Letters”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 30 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00128>

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