Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Najrān [Supplement 2016]
(763 words)

Najrān was a major urban centre of pre-Islamic south Arabia that, although not directly referred to in the Qurʾān, is probably alluded to in Q 34:18 and 85:10. Dominating the city was the Balḥārith tribe, whose chief clan was the Banū ʿAbd al-Madān (see tribes and clans; Arabs; pre-Islamic Arabia and the Qurʾān). Najrān was both an agricultural and an industrial centre, and produced cereals, fruits, vegetables, leather, and textiles (see hides and fleece; hunting and fishing; city; agriculture and vegetation). It was also a caravan city, where the famous spice route split, with…

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Irfan A. Shahid, “Najrān [Supplement 2016]”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_050494>
First published online: 2016

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