Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Opposition to Muḥammad
(2,691 words)

Resistance to the political and religious authority (q.v.) of Muḥammad. The Qurʾān is very much a document that shows the struggle of a new faith (q.v.) coming into existence, and the career of Muḥammad is very much the story of a man who eventually defeated all odds when shaping the first community of believers (see community and society in the qurʾān ). Additionally, the qurʾānic concept of prophecy (see prophets and prophethood ) is profoundly marked by the experience of opposition (see q 25:31; 40:5). The fact o…

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Schöller, Marco, “Opposition to Muḥammad”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 13 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00139>

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