Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Oppressed on Earth, The
(1,415 words)

Those with no political or other power; the downtrodden. Several verses of the Qurʾān refer to those who are “weak” ( ḍaʿīf, pl. ḍuʿafāʾ, and other derivatives of ḍ-ʿ-f; q 2:266, 282; 4:9; 9:91; 11:91; 14:21; 40:47) or those who are “deemed or made weak” ( mustaḍʿaf, pl. mustaḍʿafūn, as well as the tenth verbal form of ḍ-ʿ-f; q 4:75, 97-8; 7:75; 8:26; 28:4-5; 34:31-3). R.B. Serjeant (The ḍaʿīf, 33) has argued that the qurʾānic term ḍaʿīf does not simply mean “weak,” but rather usually refers to “persons without the capacity to fight for and defend themselves” (see fighting; oppression). By e…

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Zaman, Muhammad Qasim, “Oppressed on Earth, The”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00308>



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