Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(637 words)

Supernatural events inflicted upon the Egyptian Pharaoh (q.v.; firʿawn) and his nation and delivered by Moses (q.v.). Reference to the Egyptian plagues appears in the Qurʾān approximately twenty times. Identification of the actual plagues themselves appears only once ( q 7:133).

The most detailed qurʾānic accounts of Moses' interaction with the Egyptian Pharaoh appear in q 7:100-41 and q 20:1-77. These largely resemble the account in the biblical book of Exodus (Ex 7:14-12:30), in which God sends Moses to free the Israelites from slavery in Egypt; when Pharaoh refuses to acquies…

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Lowin, Shari L., “Plagues”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00330>

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