Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Islam presents three primary terms for prayer, ṣalāt (ritual prayer), duʿāʾ (personal supplication) and dhikr (mystical recollection; see remembrance; memory; ṣūfism and the qurʾān), all of which are rooted in the qurʾānic language. These qurʾānic terms were eventually chosen to designate principal Muslim prayer practices which derive many of their characteristic featur…

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Böwering, Gerhard, “Prayer”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 25 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00155>

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