Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(739 words)

Inordinate self-esteem, conceit. Pride is very often denounced by the Qurʾān as a sin (see sin, major and minor ) because of its similarity to a form of “partnership with God” ( shirk; see polytheism and atheism ): Do not the proud deem themselves or aspire to be like God in his greatness? Their istikbār looks to be a denial of their humble condition in their will to be equal to the one who alone is “the most high, the most great” (al-ʿalī l- kabīr, q 22:62), “the supreme” (al- mutakabbir, q 59:23). The verb istakbara is used forty times in the Qurʾān and its participle, mustakbir, six times. Althou…

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Borrmans, Maurice, “Pride”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 09 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00340>

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