Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Reflection and Deliberation
(905 words)

Thinking about, and deciding a course of action based upon perceptions or observed events. To convey this concept, the Qurʾān most frequently employs the triliteral Arabic root f-k-r. Second and fifth forms of the root f-k-r are attested eighteen times in the Qurʾān. In contrast to certain conceptions in later mystic circles (see ṣūfism and the qurʾān ), the Qurʾān itself does not consider the notion of reflection ( tafakkur) as inferior to remembrance (q.v.) of God ( dhikr). But unlike dhikr, the Qurʾān never uses tafakkur with regard to God.

Rather, the Qurʾān mentions the creation (q.v.…

Cite this page
Brodersen, Angelika, “Reflection and Deliberation”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 27 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00353>

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