Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Repentance and Penance
(3,197 words)

Contrition or regret and self-mortification, with the intention of obtaining God's pardon (see forgiveness ). Repentance is generally designated in the Qurʾān as tawba which basically means “return” (from sin; see sin, major and minor ). For example, in q 66:8 God demands of the believers a “sincere return” (tawbatan naṣūḥan) and he in turn will make them enter paradise (q.v.). God himself is described as “the accepter of tawba” ( q 9:104; 42:25; also q 40:3: accepter of tawb), and this represents a crucial aspect of his compassion for the believers (see mercy ). Repentance can, however,…

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Rubin, Uri, “Repentance and Penance”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00355>



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