Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Samaritans
(880 words)

A tiny sect claiming to be Israelite, found today principally in Nablus, biblical Shechem, in the Palestinian territories; and in Holon in Israel. The Samaritans call themselves Shomerim, “observant ones,” from Hebrew shamar, “to observe.” 2 Kings 17:24-9, the earliest reference to them, calls them Shomronim or “Samarians,” alleging that they were pagan peoples settled in Samaria by the Assyrians after the deportations of 722 b.c.e. Enmity between Judaeans and Samaritans flared up with the return of Judaean deportees from Babylon in 539 b.c.e. and continued up to and beyond th…

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Stenhouse, Paul, “Samaritans”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 06 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00369>



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