Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Scholar [Supplement 2017]
(1,773 words)

A scholar is a learned person who has engaged in advanced study and acquired knowledge, generally in a particular field. The term ʿālim, most commonly used to designate “scholar” in Muslim societies, appears in the Qurʾān only as a description of God, in the sense of “knowing.” Its plural form ʿālimūn is applied sometimes to God (cf. Q 21:51, 81) and sometimes to human beings (cf. Q 12:44; 29:43; 30:22), while the plural form ʿulamāʾ, which appears twice in the Qurʾān (cf. Q 26:197; 35:28), refers only to human beings. The Qurʾān also denotes knowledgeable or learned …

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Louise Marlow, “Scholar [Supplement 2017]”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 02 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_050525>
First published online: 2017

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