Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Servants
(2,461 words)

Creatures bound in service to God. In over 100 places, the Qurʾān describes prophets (see prophets and prophethood ), believers (see belief and unbelief ), jinn (q.v.; cf. q 51:56) and angels (see angel ) as servants ( ʿabd, pl. ʿibād, ʿabīd; also ʿābid, pl. ʿābidūn) of God. Human beings in general are also described as God's servants, though they may be currently worshipping Satan (see devil ) or another false god (e.g. the ʿabada l-ṭāghūt in q 5:60, the only occurrence of this plural form; see idols and images; polytheism and atheism). The relationship of master and servant is one o…

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Brockopp, Jonathan E., “Servants”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 27 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00380>



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