Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access

(2,461 words)

Creatures bound in service to God. In over 100 places, the Qurʾān describes prophets (see prophets and prophethood ), believers (see belief and unbelief ), jinn (q.v.; cf. q 51:56) and angels (see angel ) as servants ( ʿabd, pl. ʿibād, ʿabīd; also ʿābid, pl. ʿābidūn) of God. Human beings in general are also described as God's servants, though they may be currently worshipping Satan (see devil ) or another false god (e.g. the ʿabada l-ṭāghūt in q 5:60, the only occurrence of this plural form; see idols and images; polytheism and atheism). The relationship of master and servant is one o…

Cite this page
Brockopp, Jonathan E., “Servants”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 27 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00380>

▲   Back to top   ▲