Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Sheba
(938 words)

Name of the land in south Arabia whose people developed a prosperous trading civilization in the middle of the first millennium b.c.e., marked by the creation of a kingdom alongside other local states: Maʿin, Qatabān and Ḥaḍramawt. Famous for its caravan (q.v.) traffic and trade in incense and rare spices exported to Babylonia, Egypt and the Mediterranean, the region was called “Arabia Felix” by historians of classical antiquity like Ptolemy, Strabo or Pliny the Elder. The very existence of the inhabitants of Sheba, the Sabaeans — not to be confused with the Sabians (q.v.), who are di…

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Gonzalez, Valérie, “Sheba”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 20 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00382>



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