Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,125 words)

The earthly manifestation of God's presence, a concept common to the Bible and the Qurʾān. Occurring in six verses, al- sakīna derives from God and is usually “sent down” to Muḥammad and/or his fellow believers. The Arabic root, s-k-n, denotes “stillness, quiet, calm, being motionless,” as in q 6:96: “[God] has made the night [for] stillness/quiet” (see also q 10:67; 27:86; 28:72; 40:61, etc.), with a secondary meaning (sometimes expressed in the causative fourth form) of “to settle down, to dwell in a habitation” ( q 2:35; 14:37; 17:104, etc.). This parallels the Hebrew/Aramaic/Sy…

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Firestone, Reuven, “Shekhinah”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 09 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00384>

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