Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(805 words)

Literally, “party/followers.” The term shīʿa occurs eleven times in the Qurʾān, with the first use in Sūrat al-Anʿām ( q 6, “The Cattle”) and the last in Sūrat al-Qamar ( q 54, “The Moon”). The word itself is lexically derived from the Arabic verb shāʿa, yashīʿu, meaning “to spread, disseminate, divulge, publicize or become known,” and in this sense occurs once, in q 24:19: “Those who love to spread (an tashīʿa) scandal among the believers….” The primary meaning of the term shīʿa (pl. shiyaʿ and ashyāʿ) that is conveyed in the Qurʾān is that of factions, communities, people with…

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Lalani, Arzina R., “Shīʿa”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 25 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00385>

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