Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,261 words)

Life force or supernatural being. In pre-Islamic poetry the Arabic word rūḥ refers to a blowing or breathing (see air and wind; poetry and poets; pre-islamic arabia and the qurʾān). In the Qurʾān, the word appears twenty-one times but in the sense of spirit rather than of blowing, in a manner analogous to its Hebrew cognate, ruach, in the Bible (see scripture and the qurʾān ). The qurʾānic rūḥ evokes spirit in passages related to the three boundary moments in the Qurʾān: cre…

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Sells, Michael, “Spirit”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 19 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00193>

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