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Sun
(721 words)

Star at the center of earth's solar system. The sun is the brightest and most powerful of all the celestial bodies orbiting — according to the geocentric cosmological view of the world current in antiquity and the Middle Ages (cf. Van Dalen, Shams) — the earth (q.v.; see also planets and stars). Not inappropriately, it is mentioned thirty-three times in the Qurʾān. There are hints at its being worshipped in Babylonia ( q 6:74, 78) and in pre-Islamic Arabia ( q 41:37; see pre-islamic arabia and the qurʾān; south arabia, religions in pre-islamic), especially by the Sabaeans ( q 27:24; cf. Fahd…

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Kunitzsch, Paul, “Sun”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 05 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00407>



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